Literature

Abstracts

May 6, 2004 PFA Technical Program, Washington Court Hotel Washington, DC

"Environmentally-Preferable Approaches for Meeting Furniture Fire Safety Standards"      Clive Davies EPA DfE Program

Abstract: This slide presentation (no text available) describes a potential -partnership- project to help flexible slabstock manufacturers consider environmental factors as they weigh cost and performance in decision making regarding the use of alternative flame retardant additive technologies. The presentation proposes that without outside help environmental factors are beyond the reach of industry.

The EPA DfE program proposes to identify viable alternatives, provide a thorough search of EPA literature, collect and organize industry data, develop application models, and present results of data search.

 "Development of a Flammability Standard for Residential Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses"   Dale Ray CPSC

Abstract: The presentation (slides only - no text available) summarizes the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission work-to-date on development of a national flammability standard for residential upholstered furniture and mattresses. Regarding furniture, the CPSC plans to evaluate public comments, to complete the technical work on the CPSC staff draft standard, and to maintain dialogue with Calif. BHF regarding TB117+ and with EPA regarding a possible Significant New Use Rule (SNUR) for flame retardant chemical.

Toward development of a mattress flammability regulation, the CPSC will be preparing a staff decision package with regulatory options, analyzing Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPR) comments, then will prepare a draft standard for the NPR.  

"Novel Flame Retardant for Flexible Polyurethane Foams" William Brown Albemarle

Abstract: This paper reports on the development of a novel flame retardant for flexible polyurethane foams. This material, named XP-7252 was tested for use in foams at densities of 1.8 and 1.1 pounds per cubic foot and exhibits excellent flame retardancy (Cal 117), scorch and physical property data. Screening techniques for applicable candidates are discussed and comparisons with known flame retardants are made.

"Voluntary Children’s Chemical Evaluation Program"  Richard Rose Great Lakes Chemical

Abstract: The paper summarizes a voluminous report that can be found online at http://www.tera.org/peer/VCCEP/OctaPenta/VCCEP Penta final report.pdf.  The Voluntary Children’s Chemical Exposure Program Pilot Evaluation Report on penta-PBDE is an independent research effort to determine possible health effects associated with exposure to penta-BDE. Possible exposure pathways are identified and maximum possible cumulative exposure is estimated and compared toxicity benchmarks. The research indicates that all estimated exposures for children and adults were below relevant screening toxicity benchmarks. Once penta-PBDE production ceases (end of 2004), evidence from other markets indicates that exposure will steadily decline

"Impact of Polyurethane Carpet Cushion on Appearance Retention and Durability of Commercial Carpet "Mike Norton Alliance for Flexible Polyurethane Foam

Abstract:  (No text available) This PowerPoint presentation summarizes the results of Philips Chair (caster test) and Hexapod Drum durability testing of 26 oz. and 32 oz. commercial carpet combined with a 10 pound density .25-inch thick commercial carpet cushion. The tests demonstrate a -pass- result from the Philips Chair test after 50,000 cycles. The Hexapod Drum test resulted in a 50% Appearance Retention Rating (ARR) for the 26 oz. carpet with cushion after 12,000 cycles compared to the same carpet without cushion. The 30 oz. carpet with cushion showed a 17% ARR improvement compared to the same carpet without cushion.

"ASTM D3574 Testing Applied to Viscoelastic Flexible Polyurethane Foam"  Roy Pask, PFA Technical Task Group

Abstract: The PFA Technical Task Group investigated the unique properties of viscoelastic foams and evaluated the effectiveness of the existing D3574 protocol to determine whether existing test methods would require modification when applied to the testing of viscoelastic FPF products. The ASTM test procedures for IFD, 90% compression set, and Frazier airflow were found to be appropriate for use with viscoelastic products. ASTM height recovery and fatigue by isopounding procedures may require modification for use with viscoelastic foam.

"Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals in the European Flexible Polyurethane Foam Industry" Hubert Creyf EUROPUR
(Double Session)

Update on European environmental issues.

Abstract: This presentation provides information on the impact of European Union (EU) enlargement, business trends in the EU, safety, health and environment legislation in Europe, the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization of Chemicals (REACH) program, Best Available Technology (BAT) practices, an update on the use of certain combustion modification additives in Europe, postconsumer waste processing and the development of European FPF processing standards.