Literature

Abstracts

May 5, 2005 PFA Technical Program, Washington Court Hotel, Washington, DC

 "Environmentally-Preferable Approaches for Meeting Furniture Fire Safety Standards"  Kathleen Vokes, EPA DfE Program

Abstract: This presentation will compare and contrast the environmental and human health risk factors associated with 14 combustion modifying additives offered as possible alternatives to PBDE materials. The decision-making criteria used to rank risk factors will be explained.

 "Development of a Flammability Standard for Residential Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses "  Dale Ray, CPSC

Abstract: The presentation will summarize the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission work-to-date on development of a national flammability standard for residential upholstered furniture.

 "Enforcement of National Flammability Standards"  Gib Mullan, CPSC

Abstract: This presentation will summarize CPSC enforcement strategies with a focus on imported goods and will describe a unique opportunity presented by the U.S. Flammable Fabrics Act to allow domestic manufacturers an opportunity to differentiate their products from overseas competitors.

 "Improved Flame Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams "  Richard Rose, Great Lakes Chemical

Abstract: Recently the health and environmental impact of some traditional flame retardants have caused concerns. Certain traditional flame retardant products have recently been voluntarily withdrawn from the market. Although alternatives have now been successfully introduced, further improvements are desired. This paper discusses the issues being raised and the next generation of flame retardants being developed to address these performance concerns.

  "Low Scorch Flame-Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams"   Danielle Bright, Supresta U.S.

Abstract:  This paper will present information about two proprietary flame retardant additives for polyether and polyester flexible polyurethane foams addressing market needs for improved scorch resistance for low density formulations. Both products exhibit good hydrolytic stability and thermal ageing properties.

 "Fire and Toxicology Aspects of Polyurethane Foam"  Filippo Gavelli, Chester Clarke, Exponent, Inc.

Abstract: This presentation will describe the basic steps of the fire investigation process. It will provide examples of how the area of origin and fuel first ignited may be determined, which is the first step towards assessing fire liability. The presentation will focus on the behavior of FPF involved in such fires including the toxicological and health effects of burning FPF. The different products of combustion of FPF, with or without fire retardant treatment, will be described as well as their related toxicology.

 "Fire Retarded Foam Flammability Consortium "  Jeff Gilman, NIST

Abstract: This presentation will provide information on planned research to develop foam formulations and quantitative flammability measurement methods to aid FPF manufacturers and additive suppliers in developing fire safe foams that are environmentally safe and cost effective. The primary outcome of this work being the creation of a structure-flammability property database for polyurethane foams.