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Below are abstracts of technical papers presented at the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Sessions. Papers are prepared from materials submitted for the Technical Proceedings with the permission of the individual authors who are solely responsible for their content. The content has not been subjected to peer review. The PFA does not endorse or recommend the proprietary products or processes of any manufacturer. The PFA assumes no responsibility for the accuracy or use of the information presented.

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May 2000 to Current || October 1999 and Prior >>


Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2017
    Gluing and Cutting of Synthetic Foams: Innovations in the PU Industry
    The Application of ViscoElastic HyperSoft Memory Foam Technology
    Optimized Surfactant for Flame Laminated Polyether Foam
    (Not Available) New Soy-Based Polyols, Systems and Blends for Flexible Foam Applications
    Update: Community Awareness Program And Workbook

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2016
    2012 – 2015 Update: Survey of the Incidence of Occupational Asthma Among FPF Slabstock Plants
    Variable Pressure Foaming Using the Vertifoam Process
    New Flame Retardants Developments for the Flexible Foam Market
    Detection of Isocyanates in the Workplace Using IMS Instruments
    Ester Flexible Foam Performance Comparisons Between EG Azelate (C9) and DEG Adipate (C6) Polyols
    Recent JFLEX Technology Developments

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2016
    Responsible Management of Waste Foams Mixed with Flame Retardants
    Update: Modification of the ASTM E-1428 Pink Stain Test Method
    Development of Flexible Polyurethane Foam with Improved Environmental Profile to Meet Stringent Flammability Tests
    Performance Comparisons of Renewable Resource Polyols for FPF

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2015
    A New Method for Measurement of Propensity of Polyurethane Foam/Fabric Assemblies to Transition from Smoldering to Flaming Combustion
    Novel Technology to Influence Hardness of Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    New Polymer Polyol for Slabstock Foam Applications
    EMEROX® 14050 Renewable Polyol; Effect upon Substitution Rate on Flexible Foam Properties
    A Comprehensive Analysis of Carbon Black Colorant Technology: The Components, Their Function and Potential Effect on Urethane Flexible Foam

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2015
    Novel Catalyst for Low-Emission Viscoelastic (VE) Foams
    Renewable Carbohydrate Solution That Imparts Flame Retardant Properties in Polyurethane Foam
    Improved Viscoelastic Foam Formulation Technology
    Aliphatic Polyester Polyols with Recycled Content for Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Highly Sophisticated Cell Opener for Viscoelastic Foam

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2014
    Art and Science of Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials in Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Controlled Pore Size in FPF Manufacturing
    Understanding Pink Stain Testing
    Consumer Research: Demand for Flame Retardants in Furniture
    Final Report: Emissions Testing of Cured FPF for TDI / MDI
    Conversion of FPF Residues into Polyol on an Industrial Scale
    How Maxfoam Machine Design Affects Pour Yield, Waste Reduction and Gross Margin

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2014
    JFLEX Technology Production Results
    Flexible Polyurethane Flammability Performance and Sustainability Technologies

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2013
    New JFLEX Continuous Process Slabstock Machine for Lower Volume Production Needs
    Advancements in PET-based Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    Low Volatile Organic Compound Aromatic Polyester Polyol for Flexible Slabstock Foams
    Reactivity Rates and Physical Properties for Zinc Pyrithione Formulated Low-density Conventional Polyether/TDI-based Slabstock FPF
    New Tin Catalyst for Use in Flexible Foam Applications, 2-Ethylhexanoic Acid Free Alternative to Stannous Octoate
    New Polymer Polyol for Combustion Modified High Resiliency Foams
    Testing Emanations of Flexible Polyurethane Foam for the Presence of Free TDI or MDI

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2013
    Past, Present And Future Trend Of PentaBDE In Foam Products In The Use And Waste Phases From 1980-2020
    Low VOC Cal TB117 Using Bio Renewable Technologies
    Methods For Identification Of Flame Retardants In Polyurethane Foams
    Novel Reactive Gelling Catalyst For Extremely Low-Emission Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Application Of WALKI Technologies In Continuous Flexible Foam Production
    The Cusum Chart: An Additional Tool For Quality Control

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2012
    Summary of Recent Studies Presented at the Isocyanates & Health Conference
    Precision and Bias of the CertiPUR-US® Test Method for Volatile Organic Compounds
    Comparison of NIST SRM 1196 and Various Commercial FSC Cigarettes for Smolder Testing
    Survey of the Incidence of Occupational Asthma among FPF Slabstock Plants
    Viscoelastic Foam with Temperature Independent Comfort
    Novel CO2-based Polyols as Flexible Foam Strength Enhancers
    Ultra-green Non-hazardous Cured Polyurethane Cleaner

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2012
    California TB 117: Does The Regulation Add Value?
    PTZ: A Troublesome Ingredient; Promising Solutions
    New Additives for Polyester and Flame Lamination Foam
    New Developments in Flame Retardant Additives For Use In Flexible Polyurethane Foam Products

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2011
    Low Density HR MDI Based Foams
    New Chemical Technology for the Production of Super High Air Flow Flexible Foams
    Enabling Surfactant Technology for Flexible Slabstock Flame Retardant Polyurethane Foam
    Modifications in CertiPUR-US® VOC Test Methods
    Evaluation of New Additives to Maximize the Use and Processing Performance of NOPs in Conventional Slabstock Foam
    Global Regulatory Changes and Antimicrobial Replacement Alternatives

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2011
    Flame Retardant Developments for the FPF Market
    Flame Retardation of FPF: Recent Developments and Research in EMPA – Swiss Federal Laboratories
    Risk Assessment Tool to Evaluate TDI Emission and Migration Data in Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Technology to Separate Fabrics from FPF for Reapplication in Flame Lamination Operations

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program November 2010
    Non-Contact In-Process Foam Dimension Measurement
    Combustible Dust Regulatory Update
    New Versatile High Renewable Content Based Polyol for the Production of Multiple Flexible Slabstock Foam Technologies
    PLX 982: A New Liquid Scorch Inhibitor

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2010
    Less High Pressure Metering Pump for Toluene-diisocyanate
    'Free' TDI in PU Flexible Foam: Update on Recent Studies
    High Efficiency Silicone Surfactant for Flexible Slabstock Foam Applications
    Additive Flame Retardants Identified in Consumer Products and Furniture Containing Polyurethane Foam

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2009
    European SHE Initiatives Related To Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    A Catalyst Solution For Eco-friendlier Foam
    Principles Of Eco-Efficiency Analysis
    MDI-based Flexible Foam In Pillow Manufacture
    Headspace Analysis Of FR Flexible Polyurethane Foam

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2009
    Development Of A Standard Smolder Ignition Source For Furniture And Mattress Testing
    Advances In Process Automation Through The Implementation Of Advanced Algorithms
    Software Solutions For Automated Production In The Polyurethane Foam Industry
    New Silicone Surfactant For Flexible Slabstock Foams Produced Using Natural Oils Based Polyols
    New Development Of Evaluating Scorch Potential Of Flexible Slabstock Polyurethane Foam
    Interpretation of FPF Analysis In CertiPUR Testing

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2008
    Natural Oil Polyols from Soybean Oil, a Sustainable Raw Material
    TDI Emissions and Exposure Monitoring and Control in Flexible Slabstock Plants: A 20-Year History of Safety
    The Flexible Slabstock Industry – A Global Industry?
    The Measurement of Renewable Content in Natural Oil Polyols and Foams

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2008
    Olmo Paper Technology For Slabstock FPF Production
    A Discussion Around Renewable Content In Flexible Foams and Other Commonly Asked Questions About BiOH Polyols
    Ambient Toluene Diisocyanate Concentrations From Flexible Polyurethane Foam Manufacturing
    Replacing Tributyltins: New Chemistries, New Solutions
    Introducing Renewable Resource Derived Polyols For Conventional Slabstock Foam
    Environmentally Sustainable Flame Retardant Choices For Flexible Foam
    New Single Point Monitor For Detection Of Isocyanates

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2007
    Chlorophosphate Flame Retardants Used in Flexible Polyurethane Foam – A Regulatory Update
    Novel Environment-friendly Catalyst for Flexible Slabstock Foams
    A New Method for Measuring Dimensions of Foam Buns
    Additives For Emulsions And Dispersions In Flexible Foam Formulations
    Ecomate in Flexible Slabstock Foams, Part 2
    Voluntary Emissions Control Action Program

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2007
    Development of Halogen-Free Flame Retardant Solutions for Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Advances in Natural Oil Based Polyols Chemistry and Supply Options for the FPF Industry
    New Silicone Surfactant Designed for Viscoelastic Foam
    Preliminary Analysis of FPF Samples for CertiPUR-US
    Development of Environmentally Friendly Bromine Based Flame Retardants for Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Advances in Adhesive Technology for Flexible Polyurethane Foam Fabrication

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2006
    Report From The Viscoelastic Technical Task Group
    Regulatory Issues For Flame Retardants Used In Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Antibody Assays: Limitations And Appropriate Uses
    Ecomate in Flexible Slabstock Foams

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2006
    New Innovations in Combustion Barrier Technology
    Improved Phosphorus-based Combustion Modification
    Interlaboratory Study On Smoldering Ignition
    An Industry Economic Review Of The CPSC Staff Draft Proposal for a Flammability Standard For Upholstered Furniture
    Negotiating RACT for Flexible Polyurethane Foam Manufacturing Facilities
    TDI Air Sampling Methods
    Overview on Bio-based Polyols for FPF Production

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2005
    FlatPack™ Foam Bun Compression System
    Low Odor Non-fugitive Amine Catalysts
    New Flame-Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    A New Highly Sophisticated Silicone Surfactant For Flame Retarded FPF
    Reduced VOC And Fog Emissions In Flame Retardant Automotive Foams
    Formulating Efficiencies For Flexible Slabstock Polyurethane Foam
    FlatCon Slabstock Conveyor System

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2005
    Environmentally-Preferable Approaches for Meeting Furniture Fire Safety Standards
    Development of a Flammability Standard for Residential Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses
    Enforcement of National Flammability Standards
    Improved Flame Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    Low Scorch Flame-Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    Fire and Toxicology Aspects of Polyurethane Foam
    Fire Retarded Foam Flammability Consortium

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2004
    Specialty Organosilicone Surfactant For Use In Combustion Modified Flexible Slabstock Foam
    A Study of Bonded Carpet Cushion For Airborne PBDE Emissions
    Reactive Flame Retardants For Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    A New Generation of SAN Polymer Polyols For Use With Liquid CO2 Machinery
    Micro-Springs FPF Replacement For Metal Spring Units in Furniture Construction
    Progress Towards the Development of Viscoelastic Polyurethane Foam Produced with VORANOL VORACTIV Polyols
    Advanced Conveyor Technologies for FPF Production

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2004
      Environmentally-Preferable Approaches for Meeting Furniture Fire Safety Standards
      Development of a Flammability Standard for Residential Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses
    Novel Flame Retardant for Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    Voluntary Children’s Chemical Evaluation Program
      Impact of Polyurethane Carpet Cushion on Appearance Retention and Durability of Commercial Carpet
    ASTM D3574 Testing Applied to Viscoelastic Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals in the European Flexible Polyurethane Foam Industry

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2003
    MDI-Based Viscoelastic Foam for the Furnishings Market, Raymond Neff, BASF Corporation
    A Bromine Based Flame Retardant for Flexible Polyurethane Foams, William R. Brown, Albemarle Corporation
    Reformulating for the Long Term, Richard Rose, Great Lakes Chemical Corporation
    MultiFill: An Innovative Technology for Processing Slabstock Foam with Fillers, Ingo Wilkes, Hennecke Machinery Group, Bayer Polymers
    Converting FPF Scrap Into Polyol Through Glycolsis, Gerhard Behrendt, H&S and Edge-Sweets
    Low Odor, Low Emission Additives for Polyurethane Flexible Slabstock Foam, Juan Burdeniuc, Air Products And Chemicals
    Final Review of an API Interlaboratory Study for the Development of an Upholstered Furniture Fire Test, Kurt Reimann, Alliance for the Polyurethanes Industry

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2003
    Efficient Recovery of FPF for Recycling , Gregory Conigliaro, Conigliaro Industries
    Recycling of Scrap Foam to Improve the Profitablity of Slabstock Production
    Review of API Interlaboratory Study for Development of a Furniture Fire Test
    MegaFoam: New Processing Technology for Flexible Polyurethane Foam Niche Markets
    Development of a New Specialty Grade Polyurethane CoFoam
    New Low Volatility Amine Catalysts for Use in Flexible Slabstock Applications
    EUROPUR Environmental Activities
    Acoustical and Vacuumability Performance of FPF Commercial Carpet Cushion

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October 2002
    Fine Cell Structure FR Surfactant for Use with CO2 as ABA
    CarDio FillTech Technology CO2 Frothing with Fillers
    Latest Developments of Silicone Surfactants for Liquid CO2 Foam
    TDI Scrubber Technology in Australia
    Adsorption of TDI Using Activated Carbon
    Industrial Hygiene Sampling for Airborne TDI in Six Flexible Slabstock Foam Manufacturing Facilities in the United States
    High Resilience Polyurethane Foam with the Performance of Latex Foam
    Round Robin Testing to Verify Section 3 of the Proposed CATB117 Revision
    Update on CATB117 and AB603
    Development of a Mass Loss Technique for Furniture Flammability Performance
    Developing an Open-Flame Ignition Test Method for Residential Mattresses
    Effective Reactive FR for Production of Combustion Modified Flexible Foams
    Alternatives for Brominated and Halogenated FR Additives
    Combustibility of Polyurethane Foams
    Exotherm Management Technology

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May 2002

    Higher Quality DBTDL Catalyzed HR Foam
    The Environmental Fate Of TDI/MDI-Based Polyurethane Foams
    Non-fugitive Catalysts for CO2 Blown Foams
    Polyurethane Foams Based on Soy Polyol Blends
    Foam Discoloration In The Presence Of Amines
    An Update On Flame Retardant Additives in Europe

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October, 2001
    New Developments in Low VOC FPF
    CO2 Blown FPF with Enhanced Hardness
    Current Available FPF Adhesives
    High Speed Processing of Contoured Parts
    Development and Trends in the Supply of Modern FPF Slabstock Machinery and Plant Utilizing Integrated, Distributed Control Systems
    Combustion Modifying Additives and Flexible Polyurethane Foams

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May, 2001
    The Evolution of Silicone Surfactant and Applications
    Fire Safety Activity Update on Upholstered Furniture and Mattresses
    Formulating Technology for Viscoelastic Slabstock Foam
    Behaviour of Expandable Graphite as a Flame Retardant in Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    The Trinity Project: Not Linking Exposure to Health Effects

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program October, 2000
    New No Emission Catalysts For Flexible Slabstock Polyurethane Foam
    New Alternatives for Flame Retarding Flexible Polyurethane Foam
    Automation in the Fabrication of FPF
    Activated Carbon Systems For TDI Emissions Abatement
    End of Life Value-A New Approach to Recycling
    CarDio™ AIRLESS--Quality plus Production Flexibility

Proceedings of the Polyurethane Foam Association Technical Program May, 2000
    New Development in Low VOC Flexible Polyurethane Foams
    Challenges of Diagnosing Diisocyanate Allergic Disease
    Manufacturing Routes for Polyurethanes Raw Materials
    The Use of Solid Particles in Flexible Polyurethane Foams Expanded by Carbon Dioxide as an Auxiliary Blowing Agent
    Slabstock Equipment Innovations for the New Millenium
    Recent Technical Advances in Recycling of Scrap Polyurethane Foam as Finely Ground Powder in Flexible Foam
    Real -World Economics of Polyurethane Foam Recycling